Latest Content

Childhood Immunizations
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The following case questions on addressing vaccine hesitancy were designed to complement the Childhood Immunizations podcast series. They were written by Dr. Kristen Timm, a Family Medicine resident at the University of Alberta and Dr. Sarah Forgie, a pediatric infectious disease specialist at the Stollery Children’s Hospital in Edmonton and professor of Pediatrics at the University of Alberta.

Childhood Immunizations Part 3: Addressing Vaccine Hesitancy
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This is part 3 of a 3-part series of podcasts discussing childhood immunizations. This episode will be addressing some frequently asked questions about vaccines and common reasons for vaccine hesitancy. This series has been developed by Dr. Kristen Timm, a Family Medicine resident at the University of Alberta, with the help of Dr. Sarah Forgie, Pediatric Infectious Diseases, University of Alberta. 

Childhood Immunizations (Part 2)
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This is part 2 of a 3-part series of podcasts discussing childhood immunizations. This episode will be reviewing the routine childhood immunizations used in Canada. This series has been developed by Dr. Kristen Timm, a Family Medicine resident at the University of Alberta, with the help of Dr. Sarah Forgie, Pediatric Infectious Diseases, University of Alberta. 

Childhood Immunizations (Part 1)
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This is the first of a 3-part series of podcasts discussing childhood immunizations. This series will discuss vaccines, the routine immunization schedule in Canada, and common questions from vaccine-hesitant parents. This episode describes an overview of the immune system and how different kinds of vaccines work. This series has been developed by Kristen Timm, a Family Medicine resident at the University of Alberta, with the help of Dr. Sarah Forgie, Pediatric Infectious Diseases, University of Alberta.

Cerebral Palsy
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This episode is designed to give students an overview about Cerebral Palsy. We will discuss risk factors, classification, diagnosis, management and prognosis. The podcast has been created by Dayae Jeong, a medical student at McMaster University in Ontario, Canada with the help of Dr. Kristen Hallett, a consultant pediatrician and associate professor at McMaster Children’s Hospital, and Dr. Sara Long-Gagné, a complex care pediatrician at Montreal Children’s Hospital. 

Invasive Meningococcal Vaccination for Canadian Children and Youth - CPS Practice Point Podcast
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This podcast was produced by PedsCases and the Canadian Pediatric Society, and aims to summarize the 2017 CPS Position Statement: Update on invasive meningococcal vaccination for Canadian children and youth. In this episode, listeners will learn about the clinical presentation and epidemiology of Neisseria meningitidis in Canada, the current vaccination schedule and guidelines for vaccination, as well as how to identify children and adolescents who may need extra vaccinations. This podcast was developed by Dr. Sarah Johnson, in collaboration with Dr. Joan Robinson 

Behavioural Problems in Children
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This podcast will review keys to behavioural management and compliance during medical examination in typically developing young children. Listeners will learn how to define behaviour, perform an appropriate history and physical exam, and characterize common behavioural problems. It was written by Michelle Hanbidge and Dr. Debra Andrews. Michelle is a medical student at the University of Alberta and Dr. Andrews is an Associate Professor of Pediatrics at the University of Alberta in Edmonton, Alberta, Canada. 

Approach to Pediatric Periorbital Edema
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This Podcast will discuss an approach to pediatric periorbital edema including the key differential diagnoses and an approach to the history, physical exam, and diagnostic studies used. This podcast was written by Monique Jarrett, a medical student at the University of Alberta, in collaboration with Dr. Melanie Lewis, a Pediatrician and Professor at the University of Alberta, and Dr. Catherine Morgan a Pediatric Nephrologist and Associate Professor at the University of Alberta. 

Management of Food Allergies
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This Podcast will outline the management of food allegies in children. Listeners will learn an approach to the history and physical examination, diagnosis and treatment of a child with an allergic reaction to food, as well as learn long term risk reduction strategies. 

Approach to Acne (Part 2)
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This is the second of a 2-part series of videos discussing acne in pediatric patients. Acne is one of the most common skin complaints in children. This series will discuss the clinical presentation, complications, as well as an approach to management of acne. This podcast has been developed by Laura Soong, a medical student at the University of Alberta, with the help of Dr. Chris Keeling, Assistant Clinical Professor and Community Dermatologist at the University of Alberta.

Approach to Acne (Part 1)
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This is the first of a 2-part series of videos discussing acne in pediatric patients. Acne is one of the most common skin complaints in children. This series will discuss the clinical presentation, complication as well as an approach to management of acne. This podcast has been developed by Laura Soong, a medical student at the University of Alberta, with the help of Dr. Loretta Fiorillo, Pediatric Dermatologist, University of Alberta. 

Septic Arthritis (Part 2)
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This is the second episode in a two part series discussing septic arthritis as an acute monoarthritis presentation in children. In this podcast, listeners will learn about the key investigations, treatment, and prognosis for septic arthritis. The series was developed by Dr. Brieanne Rogers, in collaboration with Dr. Janet Ellsworth, Dr. Sukhdeep Dulai, and Dr. Peter Gill. 

Septic Arthritis (Part 1)
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This is the first episode in a two part series discussing septic arthritis as an acute monoarthritis presentation in children. In this podcast, listeners will learn about the differential diagnosis for acute monoarthritis, as well as and key considerations for history, physical examination, and investigation. The series was developed by Dr. Brieanne Rogers, in collaboration with Dr. Janet Ellsworth, Dr. Sukhdeep Dulai, and Dr. Peter Gill. Stay tuned for Part 2 coming soon. 

Approach to Pediatric Abdominal X-Rays
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This video presents an approach to pediatric abdominal x-rays.  By the end of this video, you should be able to describe common radiographic findings in the pediatric population, including foreign body ingestion, duodenal atresia, and pneumoperitoneum. This podcast and video are developed by Ben Pi, a medical student at the University of Alberta, with the help of Dr. Jacob Jaremko, a pediatric MSK radiologist at the University of Alberta Hospital.

Two-month old with a murmur
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A two-month old infant is referred to a community pediatrician from a walk-in clinic because the physician noticed a murmur. 

Tetralogy of Fallot
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This video presents an approach to Tetralogy of Fallot, a congenital heart defect. The pathophysiology, anatomy, and clinical presentation will be reviewed. Listeners will be able to develop an approach to diagnosis, work-up and treatment. This podcast is developed by Katie Girgulis a medical student at the University of Alberta with the help of Dr. Andrew Mackie and Dr. Karen Forbes. 

Febrile Neutropenia
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This podcast outlines an approach to febrile neutropenia in children. Listeners will learn about the differential diagnosis, considerations for history and physical examination, and the initial investigations and management for a child presenting with fever and neutropenia. This episode was written by Dr. Chris Novak and Dr. Bev Wilson. Dr. Novak is a pediatric resident at the University of Alberta and Dr. Wilson is a Pediatric Oncologist and Professor at the Stollery Children’s Hospital and the University of Alberta.

Gross Motor Delay in an 18-month-old Male
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An 18-month-old male is brought in by his mother because she is concerned about his walking.

La Prise en charge du croup
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Cette baladodiffusion est produite par PedsCases et la Société canadienne de pédiatrie (qu’on appelle aussi la SCP) pour résumer le document de principes de la SCP sur la prise en charge du croup chez les jeunes enfants publié à la fin de 2016. Vous pouvez lire le document de principes complet de la SCP dans le site Web www.cps.ca et la transcription de cette balado dans le site www.pedscases.com.

Approach to Recurrent Fevers
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This podcast outlines and approach to recurrent fevers in children. Listeners will learn about the differential diagnosis, considerations for history and physical examination, as well as three key rheumatologic diagnoses that include recurrent fever. This episode was written by Josh Koegler and Dr. Dax Rumsey. Josh is a medical student at the University fo Alberta and Dr. Rumsey is a Pediatric Rheumatologist at the Stollery Children's Hospital in Edmonton. 

Social History Taking (Part 2)
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This episode is part 2 of a two part series on social history taking in the pediatric population. This podcast was developed by Laura Kerr, a medical student at Dalhousie University, with the support of Dr. Sarah Gander, a General Pediatrician at the Saint John Regional Hospital.

Social History Taking (Part 1)
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This episode is Part 1 of a two part series on social history taking in the pediatric population. This podcast was developed by Laura Kerr, a medical student at Dalhousie University, with the support of Dr. Sarah Gander, a General Pediatrician at the Saint John Regional Hospital. 

Approach to Lymphadenopathy
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This podcast describes an approach to lymphadenopathy in children. Listeners will learn about the  definition of lymphadenopathy, the differential diagnosis, and key considerations for history, physical exam, and investigations. The podcast was written by Anna Whalen-Browne with the help of Dr. Melanie Lewis. 

Neonatal Jaundice (Part 3)
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This is the third and final podcast in a 3 part series on neonatal jaundice. If you have not already, check out part 1 and part 2 of this series! This episode discusses the clinical approach to neonatal jaundice as well as its treatment. It was written by Dr. Brittnee Kegler, a Family Medicine Resident at Queen's University, with the help of Dr. Melanie Lewis, a General Pediatrician and Professor at the University of Alberta and the Stollery Children’s Hospital in Edmonton.

Neonatal Jaundice (Part 2)
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This is the second podcast in a 3 part series on neonatal jaundice. If you have not already, check out part 1 of this series! This episode reviews the differential diagnosis of neonatal jaundice. It was written by Dr. Brittnee Kegler with the help of Dr. Melanie Lewis. Dr. Kegler is a Family Medicine Resident at Queen’s University, and Dr. Lewis is a General Pediatrician and Professor at the University of Alberta and the Stollery Children’s Hospital in Edmonton. 

Neonatal Jaundice (Part 1)
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This is the first podcast in a 3 part series on neonatal jaundice. This episode reviews the definition of neonatal jaundice as well as its consequences and risk factors. It was written by Dr. Brittnee Kegler with the help of Dr. Melanie Lewis. Dr. Kegler is a Family Medicine Resident at Queen’s University, and Dr. Lewis is a General Pediatrician and Professor at the University of Alberta and the Stollery Children’s Hospital in Edmonton. Stay tuned for Part 2 and Part 3. They will be released over the next couple of weeks and discuss the differential diagnosis, clinical approach, and treatment of neonatal jaundice. 

Approach to Bronchiolitis
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This episode reviews an approach to bronchiolitis in the infant. At the end of the podcast, listeners will be able to recognize the signs and symptoms of bronchiolitis, list the risk factors for severe bronchiolitis, review the appropriate investigations and discuss the key principles of management. This podcast was developed by Tahereh Haji, a medical student atUniversity of Saskatchewan, in collaboration with Dr. Susanna Martin, a pediatrician and Associate Professor at the University of Saskatchewan.

Management of Early Onset Bacterial Sepsis - CPS Position Statement Podcast
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This podcast was produced by PedsCases and the Canadian Pediatric Society, and aims to summarize the 2017 CPS Position Statement on the management of term infants at increased risk for early onset bacterial sepsis.

Acute Management of Croup - CPS Practice Point Podcast
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This podcast was produced by PedsCases and the Canadian Paediatric Society (CPS), and aims to summarize the recently published 2017 CPS Practice Point on the acute management of croup in the emergency department.

Acute diarrhea in a 7-year-old female
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A 7 year old girl presents to the emergency department with acute onset of diarrhea, which was initially watery and is now bloody. She is also experiencing diffuse abdominal pain and nausea.

Approach to Shock Self-Assessment Questions
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The following multiple choice questions are designed to test learners' knowledge after listening to the podcast on an Approach to Shock.

Approach to Shock
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This episode presents an approach to shock in a pediatric population. This podcast is written by Dustin Jacobson, a 3rd year pediatrics resident from the University of Toronto, with the help of Dr. Suzanne Beno, a staff physician in the division of Pediatric Emergency Medicine at the University of Toronto. At the end of this podcast, listeners will be able to define shock, understand it’s pathophysiology, discuss the sub classifications of shock and become familiar with the management of shock. 

Joint Statement on Safe Sleep: Preventing Sudden Infant Deaths in Canada
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A brief summary of the Public Health Agency of Canada's Joint Statement on Safe Sleep, which provides recommendations for preventing Sudden Infant Deaths. This statement was developed in collaboration with the Canadian Paediatric Society, the Canadian Foundation for the Study of Infant Deaths, the Canadian Institute of Child Health, and Health Canada. Be sure to check out the full document linked here

Brief Resolved Unexplained Events (BRUEs) Self-Assessment Questions
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The following multiple choice questions are designed to test learner's knowledge after listening to the two-part podcast series on an approach to Brief Resolved Unexplained Events (BRUEs) Part 1 and Part 2. Please note BRUEs were formerly known as apparent life-threatening events (ALTEs). 

Brief Resolved Unexplained Events (Part 2)
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This episode is the second in a two-part series on Brief Resolved Unexplained Events (BRUEs), previously referred to as apparent life-threatening events (ALTEs). Part 1 can be found here. This podcast reviews appropriate investigations and management for a child with presenting with a BRUE. 

Brief Resolved Unexplained Events (Part 1)
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This episode is the first in a two-part series on Brief Resolved Unexplained Events (BRUEs), previously referred to as apparent life-threatening events​ (ALTEs). Part 2 can be found here. This podcast describes the clinical presentation of a BRUE and develops a differential diagnosis of these events based on etiology. 

Approach to a Child in Respiratory Distress
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This podcast outlines an approach to respiratory distress in children. Listeners will learn to identify clinical features, develop a differential diagnosis, and appropriately investigate and acutely manage patients in respiratory distress. This podcast was developed by Sarah Buttle with the help of Dr. Tom Kovesi.

An Approach to Intussusception
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This episode will discuss an approach for a child in whom you suspect idiopathic intussusception. This podcast was developed by Kieran Purich a medical student at the University of Alberta, with the help of Dr. Ioana Bratu, a pediatric surgeon and Associate Professor at the University of Alberta.

Physical Activity & Sedentary Behaviour
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This podcast discusses the importance of physical activity and limiting sedentary time in children. Listeners will learn about the benefits of physical activity, current Canadian guidelines for physical activity and sedentary behaviour, as well as tips for counseling children and parents on this topic. The podcast was written by Kim Connors in collaboration with Dr. Mel Lewis. 

Anaphylaxis in Children
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This podcast outlines an approach to anaphylaxis in children. Listeners will learn to identify clinical features, understand the pathophysiology, and appropriately manage patients presenting with anaphylaxis.

Groin pain in a 12 year old male
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A 12 y/o male is brought to the ED with his mother because of an 8 day history of pain in the left groin. 

Approach to Hirschsprung Disease
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This podcast outlines an approach to Hirschsprung disease in children. Listeners will learn to identify clinical features, develop a differential diagnosis, and appropriately investigate and manage patients with Hirschsprung disease. This podcast was developed by Kieran Purich with the help of Dr. Ioana Bratu.

Care for Pediatric LGBTQ Patients
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This podcast discusses an approach to care for LGBTQ or Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender and Queer, patients in pediatrics. It was written by Jocelyn Andruko and Dr. Melanie Lewis. Jocelyn is a medical student at the University of Alberta and Dr. Lewis is a general pediatrician and Professor at the University of Alberta and Stollery Children’s Hospital. 

Sudden Infant Death Syndrome
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This episode is designed to give students an approach to sudden infant death syndrome, or SIDS. SIDS is the leading cause of post-neonatal infant death. Learn about the incidence, risk factors, as well as prevention of this complex multifactorial disorder. This podcast was develop by Ashlee Yang, a medical student at the University of Alberta with the help of Dr. Melanie Lewis, a general pediatrician and Professor at the University of Alberta and Stollery Children’s Hospital in Edmonton, Alberta, Canada. 

Viral Rashes in Infants and School Age Children
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The following questions are designed to test learners’ knowledge after listening to the podcast on Viral Rashes in Children

Approach to Pediatric Hypertension
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This episode presents an approach to pediatric hypertension. This podcast was developed by Dr. Peter Gill, a senior resident at the University of Toronto in collaboration with Dr. Seetha Radhakrishnan, a Pediatric Nephrologist and Assistant Professor at the University of Toronto and the Hospital for Sick Children. 

Sleep Disorders Self-Assessment Quiz
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The following questions are designed to test learners' knowledge after listening to the podcast on Sleep Disorders

Approach to Acute Leukemia in Children
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This episode presents an approach to acute leukemia in children. Listeners will learn about the epidemiology, etiology, and pathogenesis of acute leukemia. Listeners will also develop an approach to the clinical presentation and initial management of acute lymphoblastic leukemia. This podcast was developed by Amarjot Padda in collaboration with Dr. Bev Wilson, a Pediatric Oncologist at the Stollery Children’s Hospital. 

Viral Rashes in Children
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This video/podcast presents and approach to the diagnosis and management of viral rashes in children. Listeners will learn the classic presentations of common viral exanthems and enanthems in infants and children and specific features of some viral rashes to help differentiate between them.

Approach to Pediatric Head Injury
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This podcast presents an approach to the management of acute head injuries in children. In this episode, listeners will learn about the initial stabilization and management of a patient with an acute head injury, further investigations and indications for imaging, as well as elements of disposition planning. 

 
    Approach to Leukocoria
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    This video is designed to give medical students an organized approach to the physical exam finding of leukocoria, or an abnormal red reflex in children. This podcast was developed by Dr. Chris Novak, a pediatric resident at the University of Alberta with the help of Dr. Melanie Lewis, a general pediatrician and Professor at the University of Alberta and Dr. Natashka Pollock, a pediatric ophthalmologist at the Stollery Children’s Hospital in Edmonton, Alberta.

    Meningitis
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    This podcast presents an approach to the diagnosis and management of meningitis in children. Listeners will learn the etiology and epidemiology of meningitis in different age groups, explore the clinical presentation, pertinent investigations and understand the management of bacterial and viral meningitis according to the most recent guidelines.

    Acetaminophen Overdose in Pediatric Populations
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    This podcasts is an overview and approach to acetaminophen overdose in pediatric populations. In this podcast, listeners will learn about typical causes of overdose in pediatrics, initial work-up in the case of a suspected overdose as well as the presentation and management of acetaminophen overdose. 

    Approach to Pediatric Chest X-Rays
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    This video provides learners with an approach to the pediatric chest x-ray. By the end of this video, you should be able to describe the expected radiographic findings of common pediatric conditions including cardiomegaly, pneumothorax, pleural effusion, pneumonia, asthma, cystic fibrosis, and non-accidental injuries.

    Systemic Lupus Erythematosus
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    This podcast is an introduction to Systemic Lupus Erythematosus. The objectives include recognize the signs and symptoms suggestive of SLE, list the 11 classification criteria for SLE, elicit a focused history, demonstrate a pertinent physical exam, and discuss investigations and management for patient with SLE. This podcast was developed by Tara McGrath a pediatrics resident at the University of Alberta with the help of Dr. Dax Rumsey a Pediatric Rheumatologist at the University of Alberta. 

    Neonatal Resuscitation (Part 2)
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    This episode is the second in a two part series on neonatal resuscitation. Part 1 can be found here. Objectives of this podcast include an introduction to more advanced aspects of resuscitation including intubation, chest compressions, and medical management. 

    Pediatric Vital Signs Reference Chart
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    A reference chart for pediatric vital signs for different age ranges.

    Neonatal Resuscitation (Part 1)
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    This episode is the first in a two part series on neonatal resuscitation. Objectives of this podcast include an introduction to the basics of resuscitation including stimulation, airway management and oxygenation.

    Approach to Sore Throat
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    This episode presents an approach to sore throat in children. Objectives of this podcast include becoming familiar with the differential diagnosis of sore throat, as well as building an approach to diagnosis and management. 

    CPS Statement: Management of acute otitis media
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    A brief summary of the Canadian Paediatric Society's recommendations on the diagnosis and management of acute otitis media. Be sure to check out the full statement linked here.

    Fever and fussiness in a 15 month old male
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    A mother brings in her 15 months old son Connor to the emergency department.  She says that he has had a fever for about a week and is concerned because it doesn't seem to be resolving.  

    Acute cough in a 12 month old boy
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    A 12 month old boy presents to the Emergency Department with a 1 hour history of a dry cough, increased work of breathing, lethargy and irritability. 

    Pediatric Advanced Life Support
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    This podcast presents a basic overview of the Pediatric Advanced Life Support protocol from the 2015 American Heart Association guidelines.

    Approach to Suicidal Ideation and Behaviour
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    This podcast presents an approach to suicidal ideation and behaviour in adolescent patients. 

    Acute Asthma Exacerbations
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    This episode will focus on diagnosis and management of acute asthma exacerbations in the pediatric patient with a known previous diagnosis of asthma. 

    CPS Statement: Uncomplicated Pneumonia in healthy Canadian children and youth
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    A brief summary of the Canadian Pediatric Society's recommendations on the diagnosis and management of pneumonia in healthy children. Be sure to check out the full statement linked here.

    Uncomplicated Pneumonia - CPS Guideline Podcast
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    This podcast was produced by PedsCases and the Canadian Paediatric Society, and aims to summarize the recently published 2015 Canadian Paediatric Society (CPS) statement on the management of uncomplicated pneumonia in healthy Canadian children and youth. 

    Inborn Errors of Metabolism Self-Assessment Quiz
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    The following multiple-choice questions are designed to test learner's knowledge after listening to the 3-part podcast series on Inborn Errors of Metabolism

    Inborn Errors of Metabolism (Part 3)
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    This podcast reviews large molecule metabolic diseases including glycogen storage diseases, lysosomal and peroxisomal diseases and mucopolysaccharidoses.

    Inborn Errors of Metabolism (Part 2)
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    This podcast reviews a wide range of small molecule diseases including amino and organic acidemias, urea cycle disorders, fatty acid oxidation defects, carbohydrate metabolism defects, mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation disorders, purine and pyrimidine metabolism disorders and pyruvate metabolism disorders. 

    Vomiting in a 6 week old male
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    Mr. and Mrs. Flint bring in their 6 week old baby boy, Charlie, to the Emergency Department (ED) with a week long history of post-parandial emesis.

    Inborn Errors of Metabolism (Part 1)
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    This podcast develops a general approach to inborn errors of metabolism, reviewing basic epidemiology, presentations, and initation investigations and management.

    Shortness of breath in a 10 year old boy
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    A 10 year old boy presents to the emergency department with severe shortness of breath and wheezing. 

    Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome
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    This episode is an introduction to Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome for medical students. By the end of this podcast, listeners will be able to define NAS, discuss the signs and symptoms of NAS, and become familiar with the management of NAS. 

    Vomiting in a 4 month old boy
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    Mrs. X presents to your pediatric clinic with her 4 month old son. She tells you that her son was a previously happy and healthy baby, whose only issues included the occasional “spit-up” episode. However, she has recently noticed that he has become more irritable and vomits after most of his feeds. 

    Approach to Eating Disorders
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    This episode presents an approach to eating disorders in the pediatric population.  Listeners will learn about the epidemiology and clinical presentation, diagnostic criteria, possible complications, and management of eating disorders in children and adolescents.  

    Sleep Disorders
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    This episode discusses sleep physiology and common sleep disorders in children. By the end of the podcast, you should be able to describe sleep physiology and stages, list the sleep needs for different age groups, describe the best practices for sleep hygiene and understand common sleep disorders. 

     

    Abusive Head Trauma Cases
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    The following contains 2 cases related to head trauma suspicious for child abuse. Learning objectives include common red flags from history and physical for abusive head trauma, steps for workup and imaging, and physician responsibilities in cases of suspected child abuse.

    Approach to Enuresis
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    This podcast presents an approach to the investigation and management of enuresis in children. 

    Pediatric History Taking
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    The episode presents an approach to pediatric history taking for medical students. This podcast includes a basic framework for a pediatric history as well as tips and tricks from various Pediatricians. 

    CPS Statement: Urinary Tract Infections
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    A brief summary of the Canadian Pediatric Society's recommendations on the diagnosis, management and prophylaxis of urinary tract infections in children older than two months of age. Be sure to check out the full statement linked here.

    Acute Head Injury Cases
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    The following is a series of 3 cases which deal with the acute management of head traumas in pediatric populations. 

    Admission Orders
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    This episode presents an approach to writing admission orders in a hospital setting.  While the podcast is focused on Pediatrics, the same approach can be applied to admitting patients in almost any specialty.

    Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder
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    This podcast is an approach to diagnosis and management of FASD, Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder. This podcast was written by Ying Ling, a medical student at the University of Alberta with the help of Dr. Gail Andrew. Dr. Andrew is a professor in the Department of Pediatrics and the medical director of the FASD Clinical and Research Services at the Glenrose Rehabilitation Hospital. 

    Anaphylaxis in a 4 year old male
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    A 4-year-old boy is brought in by his mother presenting with an acute onset of dyspnea and pruritic rash. 

    Approach to Pediatric Rashes
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    This podcast presents an approach to the classification and diagnosis of rashes in children.

    Introduction to the Canadian Healthcare System
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    The goal of this podcast is to leave you with a cursory understanding of the Canadian Healthcare system as we explore many of its facets, including: who supplies healthcare funding; which groups are responsible for setting guidelines and regulations; who is insured under Canadian Healthcare; what aspects of care are, and are not, covered; and the role of Private Insurance in Canadian Healthcare. Please go to pedscases.com for the script to this podcast.

    Pediatric Surgery
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    This episode is an introduction to pediatric surgery for medical students. In this podcast, we will review the process of a surgical referral, the consultation, the operation as well as post-op and follow-up considerations from the perspective of a pediatric surgeon and a general pediatrician.

    Pediatric Vital Signs Self-Assessment Cases
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    The following multiple-choice questions are designed to test learner's knowledge after listening to the podcast Approach to Pediatric Vital Signs

    Apgar Scoring System Self-Assessment Cases
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    The following multiple choice questions are designed to test learner's knowledge after listening to the PedsCases podcast on the Apgar Scoring System.

    Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis
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    This podcast presents an approach to the diagnosis and management of the different subtypes of Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis.

    Pediatric Anemia Self-Assessment Cases
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    The following multiple choice questions are designed to test learner's knowledge after listening to the two-part podcast series on Approach to Pediatric Anemia Part 1 and Part 2.

    Approach to Pediatric Anemia (Part 2)
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    This podcast is the second in a two-part series on pediatric anemia. 

    Approach to Pediatric Anemia (Part 1)
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    This podcast is the first in a two-part series on pediatric anemia. 

    Febrile Seizures
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    This podcast presents an approach to the identification, diagnosis, and management of febrile seizures. 

    International Adoption
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    This podcast presents an overview to the international adoption process. Particularly, we discuss some key points in the pre and post adoption consultation visit as well as some key issues to be aware of for long term follow-up. 

    Pediatric Pain Management
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    This podcast presents an approach to pain management in the pediatric population. At the end of this podcast, you should have an understanding of the importance of adequate pain management in the pediatric population, recognize and assess pain in both the verbal and non-verbal child, and manage pain using the 3 P’s: physical, phsycological, and pharmacological methods.

    CPS Statement: Abusive Head Trauma
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    A brief summary of the CPS practice point on the identification, investigatio, and management of suspected Abusive Head Trauma.  Be sure to check out the full statement linked here.

    CPS Statement: Failure to Thrive in the Toddler
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    A brief summary of the CPS practice point on the toddler falling off the growth chart.  Be sure to check out the full statement linked here.

    Turner Syndrome
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    This episode gives an overview of the diagnostic criteria, clinical features, and management strategies for patients with Turner Syndrome. 

    Pediatric Injury Prevention
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    This episode reviews injury prevention strategies as outlined by the Canadian Paediatric Society. 

    Pediatric Vital Signs
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    This episode presents an approach to pediatric vital signs. 

    CPS Statement: Management of bacterial meningitis
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    A brief summary of the Canadian Paediatric Society's recommendations on the diagnosis, and management of bacterial meningitis in children older than one month of age. Be sure to check out the full statement linked here.

    Apgar Scoring System
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    This episode describes how to assess the status of a newborn using the APGAR scoring system and some of the basic interventions that can be done to assist with ventolation.

    CPS Statement: Maintenance Intravenous Fluids
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    A brief summary of the Canadian Pediatric Society's recommendations on the risk of acute hyponatremia in hospitalized children and youth receiving maintenance intravenous fluids. Be sure to check out the full statement linked here.

    CPS Statement: Head Lice Infestations: A Clinical Update
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    A brief summary of the recommendations from the Canadian Paediatric Society on managing Head Lice infestations.

    Pediatric Fractures
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    This episode describes the the anatomy and classification of common paediatric fractures and discusses how they are best managed. 

    CPS Statement: Working with vaccine-hesitant parents
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    A brief summary of the CPS practice point on working with vaccine-hesitant parents.  Be sure to check out the full statement linked here.

    CPS Statement: Emergency Management of Status Epilepticus
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    A brief summary of the Canadian Paediatric Society's recommendations on the emergency management of status epilepticus in children. Be sure to check out the full statement linked here.

    CPS Statement: Treating Cough and Cold
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    A brief summary of the Canadian Paediatric Society's recommendations on the treating the common cold. Be sure to check out the full statement linked here.

    Snapshots
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    Developmental Milestones
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    An evidence-based summary of developmental milestones in typically developing children (50th percentile).

    CPS Statement: Nutrition for healthy term infants, six to 24 months
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    A brief summary of the joint recommendations from Health Canada and the Canadian Paediatric Society on nutrition for healthy term infants from six to 24 months.

    CPS Statement: Nutrition for healthy term infants, birth to six months
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    A brief summary of the joint recommendations from Health Canada and the Canadian Paediatric Society on nutrition for healthy term infants from birth to six months.

    CPS Statement: Bronchiolitis in children one to 24 months of age
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    A brief summary of the Canadian Pediatric Society's recommendations on the diagnosis, monitoring and management of bronchiolitis in children from age 1-24 months. Be sure to check out the full statement linked here.

    Neonatal Extracranial Head Injuries
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    This episode outlines the risk factors for neonatal head extra-cranial head injuries, classifies the major types of these injuries, and discusses their management and prognosis.

    WHO Growth Charts
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    A link to the WHO Growth Charts for Canada and a summary of the Canadian Paediatric Society's recommendations for their use.

    CPS Statement: Treatment decisions regarding infants, children and adolescents
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    A brief summary of the Canadian Pediatric Society's position statement on the principles behind treatment decisions for infants, children, and adolescents. Be sure to check out the full statement linked here.

    Autism Spectrum Disorder
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    This episode defines the core features of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), provides an approach to screening and diagnosis, and discusses initial management strategies. 

    Type 2 Diabetes
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    This episode covers an approach to Type 2 diabetes. The objectives for this podcast are to review the presentation and diagnosis, overall management, potential complications, and prevention strategies for the pediatric patient with Type 2 diabetes. 

    Sleepiness and fever in a neonate
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    A 10 day old infant presents to the emergency room with a history of decreased activity, decreased feeds, and a fever of 39.3 degrees celsius

    Chronic Cough
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    This episode covers an approach to the chronic cough. This podcast covers the common causes, key history questions & physical findings, investigations, and management of the  chronic cough.

    Acute Cough
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    This episode covers an approach to the acute cough. This podcast covers the common & emergent causes, key history questions & physical findings, investigations, and management of the acute cough.

    Approach to Pediatric Vomiting (Part 2)
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    This podcast is the second in a two part series on pediatric vomiting. This podcast develops an approach to vomiting by discussing a clinical approach to pediatric vomiting via history taking and investigations. 

    Approach to Pediatric Vomiting (Part 1)
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    This podcast is the first in a two part series on pediatric vomiting. This podcast develops an approach to vomiting by discussing the differential diagnosis to pediatric vomiting and highlighting the key causes of vomiting in both the newborn and pediatric patient.

    Urinary tract infection in a 7 month old
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    A mother brings her 7-month old infant to the emergency room with 3 days of high fever that has persisted despite regular tylenol (acetaminophen).

    Pertussis
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    This podcast gives medical students an approach to pertussis, also known as whooping cough. We’ll describe the clinical presentation and stages of the infection, build an approach to diagnosis and choice of antimicrobial therapy, and discuss the benefits of pertussis immunization.

    Classic Video: Approach to Otoscopy
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    This video highlights an approach to otoscopy

    TED Talk: Wendy Chung: Autism — what we know (and what we don’t know yet)
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    This is a TED Talk. In this factual talk, geneticist Wendy Chung shares what we know about autism spectrum disorder — for example, that autism has multiple, perhaps interlocking, causes. Looking beyond the worry and concern that can surround a diagnosis, Chung and her team look at what we’ve learned through studies, treatments and careful listening.

    Down Syndrome
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    This episode covers an approach to the types, diagnosis, features, and management of Down Syndrome. 

    Classic Video: An Approach to Lumbar Punctures
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    Welcome to a classic PedsCases video. This video highlights an approach to lumbar punctures. Please don't try performing a lumbar puncture at home or in a healthcare setting on the basis of this video.

    Urologic Emergencies
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    This episode covers 8 key pediatric urologic emergencies including  testicular torsion, paraphimosis, disorders of sexual differentiation, nephrolithiasis antenatal hydronephrosis, incarcerated inguinal hernias, hydroceles, and major abdominal birth defects.

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    Unresponsive 2 month old baby
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    A  young mother has brought in her 2 and 1/2 month old baby boy because he “won’t wake up” and has been “shaking”. You quickly enter the room and find Latisha, a 17 year old first time mom and her son Jamal. Jamal is unresponsive.

    Type 1 Diabetes - Part 1
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    This episode addresses the pathophysiology of T1DM and also reviews acute complications. 

    Type 1 Diabetes - Part 2
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    This episode addresses insulin therapies and gives an overview of special considerations in the adolescent population with Type 1 diabetes.

    ADHD
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     The diagnosis, investigations, differential diagnosis, comorbid conditions as well as an overview of treatment methods for ADHD are discussed in this episode. 

    School difficulties in a 7 year old female
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    A 7 year old girl presents with school difficulties commencing a few months earlier.

    Acute diarrhea in an 8 month old female
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    Annie, an 8-month-old girl brought in by her mother. Annie’s mother tells you that Annie has been passing loose, watery stools approximately every hour for the past two days.

    Pediatric Obesity
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    This podcast gives students an overview of childhood obesity.  It covers the increasing prevalence of obesity among children, associated health risks and gives an approach of how to talk to children and their families. 

    Pediatric Headache
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    The podcast gives an overview of headache classification and the pathophysiology of headache. Learners are given key pointers regarding the history, physical exam and investigations.

    Fever Without a Focus (<3 Months)
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    This podcast gives students an approach to the evaluation and management of fever without a focus in children younger than three months of age. 

    Heart murmur in a 6 month old male
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    This case will help you differentiate different clinical presentations of pediatric murmurs. 

    Seizure types and epilepsy
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    This podcast gives medical students an overview of seizure types seen in pediatrics (focusing on the clerkship objectives) and management of epilepsy. 

    Dehydration in Children
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    This podcast gives medical students an approach to identifying and correcting dehydration, plus calculating fluid requirements, in pediatric patients.

    Status Epilepticus in Children
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    This podcast gives medical students an approach to managing status epilepticus in pediatric patients.

    Failure to Thrive
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    This podcast gives medical students a basic framework about how to understand failure to thrive and helps them develop an approach to the history and physical examination of a child presenting with failure to thrive.

    Dehydration in an 18 month old male
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    An 18 month old male presents with a 2 day history of emesis and diarrhea with minimal fluid intake.

    Evaluation of a Limp
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    This podcast gives students an approach to the evaluation of limp in children and provides an overview of a number of common or serious causes of limp.

    Altered Level of Consciousness
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    Pallor in a 17 month old
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    You are a third year medical student doing your emergency rotation when you meet 17-month-old Paul, presenting with pallor. Mom states his appetite is also poor and he is more irritable than usual.

    Acute abdominal pain in a 14 year old female
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     14-year-old girl with a two day history of abdominal pain. She also reports a fever of 38°C, nausea beginning eight hours after pain onset, and has not had a bowel movement in four days. 

    Acute Abdominal Pain
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    This podcast covers an approach to children with acute abdominal pain. The podcast covers an approach to history, an approach to physical examination, discusses investigations and lists indications for a surgical consult. This episode was written by Peter MacPherson and Dr. Melanie Lewis. Peter is a medical student at the University of Alberta. 

    Pediatric Clerkship Survival Guide
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    This podcast will give you an overview of the pediatric clerkship and explain why children are not tiny adults.

    Chronic Abdominal Pain
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    This podcast gives medical students an approach to the history and physical examination in chronic abdominal pain and discusses the role of investigations. 'Red Flag' findings on history and physical exam are stressed. We specifically discuss Irritable Bowel Syndrome, Inflammatory Bowel Disease, Peptic Ulcer Disease, Constipation, Lactose Intolerance and Functional Abdominal Pain.

    Speech delay in a 2 year old male
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    A 2 year old boy presents with speech delay as noted by his mother.

    Evaluation of Proteinuria
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    The podcast helps students develop an approach to the evaluation of proteinuria.

    Evaluation of Hematuria
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     The podcast helps students develop an approach to the evaluation of hematuria.

    Evaluation of Stridor
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    This podcast deals with stridor. Five common causes of acute stridor are discussed, along with the appropriate management in each case. 

    Evaluation of a Heart Murmur
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    The clinical features that distinguish an innocent murmur from a pathologic murmur are discussed. Common innocent and pathologic murmurs are addressed and audio examples are provided

    Child Sexual Abuse
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    This podcast deals with the child sexual abuse.This podcast outlines the physicians’ role and management in acute and historic child sexual assault cases. In addition, the physical findings associated with sexual assault are described. 

    Respiratory distress in a 4 year old male
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    A 4 year old male is noticeably distressed and presents with a 2 hour history of breathing difficulties.

    Knee pain in a 6 year old male
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    Kennedy, a previously well 6-year old boy is brought to your general pediatric clinic with left knee swelling and difficulty weight bearing. 

    Developmental Assessment
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    This podcast helps students develop an approach to developmental assessment.

    Chronic cough in an adolescent
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    A boy is in in the general pediatrics clinic presenting with a history of chronic cough and recurrent pneumonias

    Foreign body aspiration in an infant
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    An 11 month old girl has a fever and cough for 6 days. Her clinical status suddently worsens with increased coughing after choking on a carrot. 

    Projectile vomiting in a 4 week old baby
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    A mother has brought in her four-week old baby boy for complaints of vomiting. She explains that over the past couple days, the child has been throwing up, and more recently the vomit nearly “hit the wall.” 

    Jaundice in a 3 day old male
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    Jason, an newborn boy, presents to the emergency room with marked jaundice

    Fever, cough and shortness of breath in a 13 year old
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    A previously healthy 13 year old male presents to the ER with fever, cough and shortness of breath.

    Cough and respiratory distress in a 14 month old boy
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    A 14 month old boy presents with the history of sudden onset of cough and respiratory distress.

    Fever and cough in a 22 month old
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    A 22 month old boy presents with fever and cough for 3 days.

    Breathing difficulty in a 12 year old boy
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    Craig is a 12 year old boy who presents to you at the Emergency with worsening stridor, light-headedness, urticaria, pruritis and a numb sensation in his mouth.

    Abdominal pain in a 4 month old female
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    A 4 month old girl presents with 2 day history of colicky abdominal pain, vomiting, abdominal distention, bloody stools, and increasing lethargy.

    Abdominal pain in a 8 year old
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    An 8 year old boy presents to the ER with a 2 day history of abdominal pain and distention. He has a complicated medical history including Schwachman Diamond Syndrome, a bone marrow transplant, and is on immunosuppressants (prednisone, tacrolimus).

    Tender abdomen in an 18 month old
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    18 month old boy presents with a 1 day of intermittent abdominal pain, vomiting, fever and a tender abdomen. He has a past history of duodenal atresia that was surgically corrected soon after birth.

    Physical Abuse in Children
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    This podcast deals with the physical abuse of children. Injuries concerning for physical child abuse will be discussed including: bruising, fractures, burns, and head trauma (aka shaken baby syndrome). 

    Adolescent Medicine
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    This podcast provides an approach to adolescent history taking. Tips for broaching sensitive topics with an adolescent patient are then provided. 

    Kawasaki Disease
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    This podcast addresses the diagnosis and management of Kawasaki disease.

    Short Stature
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    This podcast episode helps medical students develop an approach to the evaluation of short stature in a child.

    Acute Otitis Media
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    This podcast gives medical students an overview of the diagnosis and treatment of acute otitis media. 

    Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus in a 15 year old female
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    You are about to see Jessie, a 15 year old girl who has been followed by your preceptor for 4 years. Jessie was diagnosed with Insulin-dependent Diabetes Mellitus at the age of 12 after presenting to the emergency room in diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA).

    Weight loss in an adolescent female
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    Your first appointment of the afternoon is with a 14 year old girl named Julie. Julie’s mother has made the appointment because she is concerned that Julie has lost a lot of weight over the last few months.​

    Contraception Questions from a 16 year-old female
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    Today you are seeing Eva, a 16 year old girl whom you have been following for 4 years due to her asthma. Your appointment sheet does not state the reason for her visit today.

    Peri-anal warts in a 3 year old male
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    You are a third year medical student completing an elective in the child and adolescent protection centre. A three year old male named Johnny is referred to you by his family doctor for a sexual abuse examination. 

    Poor weight gain in a 2 month old
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    You are doing your pediatrics rotation at a children’s hospital. You are asked to see a two month old boy (Cody) who has just been admitted for poor weight gain. At two months, he weighs less than his birth weight.

    Prolonged fever in an 11 month old male
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    Owen has a five-day history of fever. That's all! 

    Runny nose, cough, and sore throat in a 2 year old girl
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    Your preceptor asks you to see Hanna, a 28 month old female who been having a runny nose, coughing, and complaining of a sore throat. 

    Fever and sore throat in a 3 year old male
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    Your preceptor asks you to see Austin, a 3 year old male who has presented with a fever and sore throat.

    Fever, cough, and stridor in a 4 year old girl
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    Allison is a 4 year old girl who presents to you with a 5 day history of high fever, coughing, sneezing, and a runny nose. 

    Generalized edema in an 18 month male
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    Jeffrey, an 18-month-old child, presents to the emergency department with generalized edema. Two days ago, Jeffrey’s father started noticing swelling around his eyes.

    Possible growth delay in a 15 year old male
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    Kyle is 15 years old and has yet to notice pubertal changes. He has not noticed any hair in his armpits or any pubic hair. He has not noticed any change in the size of his testicles or his penis. His testes are descended.

    Seizure in a 4 year old male
    Author:

    A 4 year old male is brought into the Emergency Department because he started seizing approximately 30 minutes 

    Copious secretions in a neonate
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    You are a medical student on a NICU elective. You are paged to be present at the delivery of a fetus with polyhydramnios of unknown cause.

    Rectal bleeding in an 8 year old male
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    Adam, an 8 year old male, is brought to see you by his mother with the complaint of abdominal pain, diarrhea and rectal bleeding.

    Possible dysmorphic features in a 15 day old neonate
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    One of your patients is a 15 day old infant named Julie. On examination you notice that Julie has a flat facial profile, large tongue, slanted palpebral fissures, epicanthal folds and generalized hypotonia.

    Diarrhea causing dehydration in a 3 year old male
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    A three year old boy presents with dehydration following two days of diarrhea.

    Maintenance fluid requirements in a 3 year old female
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    A 3 year old female requires maintenance fluid requirements following a tonsillectomy.

    A "very happy" 12 month old male
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    This case is written by Juliana, a medical student from the University of Alberta. This case will take you through an examination of Nathan, a 12 month old happy baby. 

    Painful arm in a 4 year old female
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    A mother brings her 4-year old daughter Sarah to the emergency department. She explains that at school the previous day, her daughter was reported to trip over a class-mate and fall.

    Low grade fever and vomiting in a 6 year old girl
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    A six-year old girl is brought into the pediatric emergency room by her father. She has a had a 3 day history of low grade fever and vomiting.

    Intoxication in a 13 year old female
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    A 13 year old girl has a fight with her mom and in protest, drinks about 125 mL of windshield washer fluid. She is in the emergency room, is stable and neurologically appropriate.

    Hypokalemia in a 13 year old female
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    A 13 year old girl presents in the Emergency Department with weakness and fainting.